Using Logic’s Score Editor
- To view the full score choose screenset 3. You can view one sequence only in the score window by double clicking on it’s staff. Click on the black square (top left) to view the entire score again. The same process applies to other editors, e.g. in the event list you will either see a list of sequences or the contents of one sequence. Double click on a sequence in the list to display the contents, click on black square to see the list (see: link mode). There are various ways of viewing only one track instead of the whole score: 1) mute all the other tracks (not very efficient as they have to be muted in the arrange window) 2) Double click on the track (see above). 3) create instrument set with just one instrument and choose that set from the flip menu in DPB. This is the best way to print individual parts, you can choose an individual instrument set, then print, choose another set, then print etc. You can leave the printer to print all the parts while you do something else.
- Pedal on and off signs from the partbox will affect MIDI sustain: if you input a pedal on, no MIDI note off commands will apply on that channel until there is a pedal off sign.
- When editng sequences that contain MIDI sustain commands, it is often best to convert the sustains to actual note lengths. You can do this by going to Functions menu> Note events> Sustain Pedal to note length.
- You can set
MIDI meaning, ie staccato dots will actually shorten a MIDI note event, accents can add real velocity. Available in the Layout Menu of the score window.
- Notes can be positioned and spaced graphically on the staff (i.e. without altering their musical position) by dragging while pressing <ALT> OR with the layout tool. (pointer with white arrow head)
- Rests are displayed automatically where there are no notes, but rests can also be entered manually from the partbox and freely positioned as with notes, usually only required when placing a fermata over a rest or graphically repositioning rests, or:
- With compound time signatures, user rests can be placed to change the display of how notes are tied, eg placing a dotted crotchet user rest on top of beats 1, 4, 7, 10 in 12/8 will display dotted crotchets instead of dottted minims or other default displays.
- In addition to the single grace notes available in Attributes Menu> Independent, you can have double beamed grace notes by setting up one or all score style(s) as polyphonic, one channel with no rests just for grace notes. You apply small note size and stems upwards by double clicking on the note to get a note attributes box.
- Always use the appropriate score style to supply the initial clef, clefs from the part box are for when you need a change of clef.
- A handy tip for jazz scores: A display quantize of 8 & 12 will display
Apple Logic Pro is a very powerful mac music recording software application that combines MIDI sequencing, audio recording and music notation (scoring). It is the integration of these three aspects that make Logic an ideal general music application for music students and professional commercial composers. Other more specialised audio software such as Protools do not have the advanced and versatile MIDI and scorewriting capabilities of Logic. Music publishing/engraving software such as Sibelius may have more scorewriting features, but the fact that Logic combines all these functions into one application make it the best choice of software for music students. When working as a consultant for the Music Department at Southampton University I chose Logic as I considered that it has much better score-writing functions than other sequencer applications such as Cubase and Cakewalk, and so is more useful for music students in all areas of the curriculum. In addition it is the sequencer of choice for an increasingly larger proportion of the professional recording industry and also integrates very well with Protools in the professional audio production arena.
Why not Sibelius or Finale?
It is easy to confuse the different types of music software.
Sibelius and Finale are ideal for notation if your music is to be presented to a publishing house. They are dedicated music engraving publishing programs. Finale is generally considered to be the industry standard, but Sibelius is beginning to take over as it is simpler. Finale is more flexible but considered to be be more difficult to learn. Many composers use traditional paper or sequencers for composing, but if the final product is to be presented for publication, then I would recommend Sibelius as a final stage, although if more specialised notation such as
early music or
modernist styles are required then Finale may be much better. However, for general
all purpose scores, individual parts for musicians, composing and musical examples, Apple Logic Pro is by far the best choice as this one application will do everything you need: MIDI sequencing, audio recording and professional quality notation in one go. I use Logic scores for professional film/TV recording sessions, including scores for the BBC Welsh Symphony Orchestra.
However, one of the biggest problems for students is working the other way round, iestarting the work in an engraving program such as Sibelius or Finale and then trying to convert into Logic for recording or further development of a composition, which usually causes big problems. As Logic is a totally integrated application, the learning of the notation features takes a little longer, so for this reason we are in the process of preparing templates so that students can have all the advantage of using a sequencer, without necessarily needing to learn too much
technology unless they want to. It is planned to implement a 1st year course that will integrated the teaching of Logic with the teaching of music theory skills.